The need for network management has always been recognized. At the same time, it was recognized as both overhead to selling equipment as well as a facility to smooth over the shortcomings of the equipment. Most datacomm networks in the 1970s and before were fairly small, often using equipment from a single vendor. Network management stations, then called network control, were sold as a loss leader: Sell the razor cheap (or free), they buy more blades. As the 70s progressed, networks were not only getting larger but more and more diverse.
IOHK is a technology company commited to using peer-to-peer innovations to deliver decentralized financial services. The company is leading the Cardano project, an ambitious effort to develop a 3rd generation cryptocurrency that can solve the scalability and interoperability needs of current cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin or Ethereum.
One goal of RINA is to distill a theory based on fundamental principles, on what the problem tells us. Largely, this has come down to finding the invariances. The RINA Reference Model describes that theory, as we now understand it. We have found that by not breaking the invariances we don’t encounter “devils in the details,” but quite the opposite, the theory tends to yield simpler results for thorny problems. But we are always testing it. Trying to uncover things we haven’t seen.